English grammar explained using clear and simple explanations.

It takes …

Look at this sentence: It takes me 20 minutes to drive to work. When we talk about how long we need to do something we say “It takes …” It to take object pronoun / name time infinitive of verb It took them 1 hour to do the test. It takes us 1 week to get everything ready. It will […]

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Irregular Verbs (complete list)

Here is a complete list of irregular verbs in English: Base Form Past Simple Past Participle awake awoke awoken be was/were been bear bore born beat beat beat become became become begin began begun bend bent bent beset beset beset bet bet bet bid bid/bade bid/bidden bind bound bound bite bit bitten bleed bled bled blow blew blown break broke […]

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Common Irregular Verbs

Below is a list of the most common irregular verbs in English: Base Form Past Simple Past Participle be was/were been become became become begin began begun break broke broken bring brought brought build built built buy bought bought can could been able to catch caught caught choose chose chosen come came come cost cost cost cut cut cut do […]

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Irregular Adverbs

Generally to make an adverb we add –ly Adjective Adverb quick slow sudden interesting willing quickly slowly suddenly interestingly willingly He was running quickly. She walks slowly. He entered the room suddenly. I went to the party willingly. There are a few irregular adverbs: Adjective Adverb daily early fast good hard late daily early fast well hard late The newspaper comes out daily. He gets up early. They […]

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The Infintive of Purpose

When we want to say why something is done we can use the infinitive of the verb. Examples Why are you going to Brazil? To visit the Amazon. Why did you phone her? To invite her to the party. What are you learning Chinese for? To be able to look for a job in China.

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Have and have got

There is no difference in meaning between these two sentences: I have a car. I‘ve got a car. The important thing is not to mix the two forms. If you use the “have” form, have is the main verb and so to make a question or negative sentence, we need an auxiliary verb: Have Tense Positive Negative Question Present simple I have a […]

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Different forms of have

Have is sometimes a main verb and sometimes an auxiliary verb. When have is a main verb, the auxiliary verb is not have (unless we are using the present perfect) so we have to use a different auxiliary verb. Look at these sentences: Have as main verb Action verb Positive Negative Question I have a shower every day I don’t […]

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The Future – Differences between going to, present continuous and will

Basically we use to be going to when we intend to do something, we are probably going to do it but we have not confirmed it 100%. I‘m going to watch the match tonight. I‘m going to meet my friends tomorrow. I‘m going to eat pizza tonight. If I now call the pizzeria to book a table for two for 8 o’clock this evening […]

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Giving advice

When someone has a problem, we can give them advice in the following ways: “I have a headache.” You should take some medicine. Subject should base form You should study more. You shouldn’t smoke so much. You ought to take some medicine. Subject ought to base form You ought to do more exercise. You oughtn’t to think so negatively. Why don’t you take some medicine? […]

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The Future with going to

The most used future form in English is to be going to + verb. I‘m going to eat pizza tomorrow. They‘re going to play tennis next Saturday. Look at the construction: Subject to be going to base form of verb We are going to have a party next week. She is going to visit her mother tonight. They are going to listen to […]

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