English grammar explained using clear and simple explanations.

Relative clauses

She is the girl. She goes to my school.

Relative clauses allow us to give further information about something in the same sentence. For example instead of saying She is the girl. She goes to my school. which doesn’t sound very natural, we can say She is the girl who goes to the same school as me. Defining relative clauses When the information contained in the sentence is essential […]

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Relative pronouns

This is John. He lives here.

We use relative pronouns to join two pieces of information together. It replaces the noun. So instead of repeating the noun This is John. He lives here. we can use a relative pronoun to link the two sentences together This is John who lives here. We use who for people: She is the girl who lives next door to my […]

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Present Perfect 3 – Giving news

We use the present perfect when we give news. Something happened recently and for the person who is listening it is new and so there is the connection between the past and the present, which there must always be when we use the present perfect. Examples I‘ve bought a new car. We have decided to get married. They‘ve moved house. […]

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Question tags

It's a nice day, isn't it?

Question tags are very common in conversation. They can be rhetorical: It’s a nice day, isn’t it? I know it’s a nice day, I don’t really need to ask you but I want you to respond. That was a good concert, wasn’t it? I know it was a good concert but let’s talk about it. And they can be used […]

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