English grammar explained using clear and simple explanations.

Some and Any

There are some chimpanzees.

Look at these sentences: Are there any anteaters in the zoo? No, there aren’t any anteaters but there are some chimpanzees. We use some in positive sentences and any in negative sentences and questions. Positive Negative Question There are some cars. There aren’t any cars. Are there any cars? You have some money. You don’t have any money. Do you […]

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The Verb to be

She is happy

The verb to be is the first verb to learn when you are learning English. It immediately allows us to give basic information about ourselves and other people. Positive Negative I am I‘m not / I aren’t You are You aren’t / you‘re not He isShe isIt is He isn’t / he‘s notShe isn’t / She‘s notIt isn’t / It‘s […]

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Gonna, gotta and wanna

In American movies and music it is very common to hear the words gonna, gotta and wanna. They are short forms of talking about the future (gonna), obligation (gotta) and desires (wanna). Gonna Gonna is the abbreviated form of going to and so is used to talk about the future. Sentence/ question with gonna Grammatically correct sentence/ question I’m gonna […]

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The Present Continuous

The Present Continuous

We use the present continuous when we say what is happening now. I am reading now. She is drinking tea at the moment. Subject to be -ing form of verb I am having lunch. He is talking to me. They are sleeping to me. If the verb finishes with -e and the letter before the -e is a consonant, we […]

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Prepositions of time

Prepositions of time

The preposition we use when we talk about a period of time depends on how long the period of time is. Specific day on 18th May Christmas Day my birthday Short period (longer than 1 day less than 1 month) at the weekend Christmas ( the Christmas period not just Christmas day) Long period (at least a month) in June […]

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Possessive Adjectives and Possessive Pronouns

Possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns are used to show who something belongs to. We use a possessive adjective if there is a noun after it. Possessive Adjectives Possessive adjective Noun 1st person singular 2nd person singular 3rd person sing. (m) 3rd person sing. (fem) 3rd person sing. (obj) 1st person plural 2nd person plural 3rd person plural This is my […]

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