Present Perfect 3 – Giving news

We use the present perfect when we give news. Something happened recently and for the person who is listening it is new and so there is the connection between the past and the present, which there must always be when we use the present perfect. Examples I‘ve bought a new car. We have decided to get married. They‘ve moved house. […]

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Question tags

It's a nice day, isn't it?

Question tags are very common in conversation. They can be rhetorical: It’s a nice day, isn’t it? I know it’s a nice day, I don’t really need to ask you but I want you to respond. That was a good concert, wasn’t it? I know it was a good concert but let’s talk about it. And they can be used […]

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Wish and If only

Dollars

When we want something to be different than it is we can make sentences with wish or if only. Wish Present subject wish subject past simple   I wish I had a million dollars. I wish I could speak Chinese. I wish she lived nearer. It is the same construction as the second conditional. As with the second conditional it […]

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Imperative form

Be quiet!

When we tell someone to do something we use the base form of the verb. Examples Be quiet! Come here, please. Look after your sister while I’m out. When we tell someone not to do something we use Don’t + base form or Do not + base form Examples Don’t talk to strangers. Don’t be silly! Do not do that […]

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