Wish and If only

Dollars

When we want something to be different than it is we can make sentences with wish or if only. Wish Present subject wish subject past simple   I wish I had a million dollars. I wish I could speak Chinese. I wish she lived nearer. It is the same construction as the second conditional. As with the second conditional it […]

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Imperative form

Be quiet!

When we tell someone to do something we use the base form of the verb. Examples Be quiet! Come here, please. Look after your sister while I’m out. When we tell someone not to do something we use Don’t + base form or Do not + base form Examples Don’t talk to strangers. Don’t be silly! Do not do that […]

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Uses of will

What would you like to eat?

Of course we use will in English but not as often as you might think. Here is when we use it: To make an immediate decision What would you like to eat? I‘ll have a ham sandwich please. To make an offer You see that someone needs your help and so you offer to help him: I‘ll carry that for […]

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There is / There are

There is a blackbird in the garden.

Look at these sentences: There is a blackbird in the garden. There’s a bottle of coke in the fridge. There are sixty people in the waiting room. There are a lot of wild animals in the forest. We use the form there is in the singular form and the form there are in the plural form. Singular Positive Negative Question […]

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Some and Any

There are some chimpanzees.

Look at these sentences: Are there any anteaters in the zoo? No, there aren’t any anteaters but there are some chimpanzees. We use some in positive sentences and any in negative sentences and questions. Positive Negative Question There are some cars. There aren’t any cars. Are there any cars? You have some money. You don’t have any money. Do you […]

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The Verb to be

She is happy

The verb to be is the first verb to learn when you are learning English. It immediately allows us to give basic information about ourselves and other people. Positive Negative I am I‘m not / I aren’t You are You aren’t / you‘re not He isShe isIt is He isn’t / he‘s notShe isn’t / She‘s notIt isn’t / It‘s […]

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Gonna, gotta and wanna

In American movies and music it is very common to hear the words gonna, gotta and wanna. They are short forms of talking about the future (gonna), obligation (gotta) and desires (wanna). Gonna Gonna is the abbreviated form of going to and so is used to talk about the future. Sentence/ question with gonna Grammatically correct sentence/ question I’m gonna […]

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