Questions without auxiliary verbs

Love

Look at these two questions:

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb
Who do you love?
Question word verb object
Who loves you?

The first question is a normal question and uses the form which we almost always use for a question:

question word + auxiliary + subject + verb

In the second question, the question word is the subject. When the question word is the subject there is no auxiliary verb and the verb agrees with the subject.

Other examples:

Question word verb object
Who wrote Romeo and Juliet?
Who won the 2006 World Cup?
Which player fouled Ronaldo?
What happened?

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