Some and Any
Look at these sentences:
Are there any anteaters in the zoo?
No, there aren’t any anteaters but there are some chimpanzees.
We use some in positive sentences and any in negative sentences and questions.
|There are some cars.||There aren’t any cars.||Are there any cars?|
|You have some money.||You don’t have any money.||Do you have any money?|
The same rules apply to something, somebody and somewhere.
|I did something interesting.||I didn’t do anything interesting.||Did you do anything interesting?|
|I know somebody in Brazil.||I don’t know anybody in Brazil.||Do you know anybody in Brazil?|
|I met someone interesting last night.||I didn’t meet anyone interesting last night.||Did you meet anyone interesting last night?|
|They went somewhere expensive on holiday.||They didn’t go anywhere expensive on holiday.||Did they go anywhere expensive on holiday?|
Note that if you offer something to somebody we usually use some:
Would you like some food?
Do you want something to drink?
Also if we ask somebody to give us something we usually use some:
Could I have some water, please?
Can you lend me some money, please?
- English Grammar Exercises: The Beatles, With a little help from my friends