Some and Any
Look at these sentences:
Are there any anteaters in the zoo?
No, there aren’t any anteaters but there are some chimpanzees.
We use some in positive sentences and any in negative sentences and questions.
|There are some cars.
|There aren’t any cars.
|Are there any cars?
|You have some money.
|You don’t have any money.
|Do you have any money?
The same rules apply to something, somebody and somewhere.
|I did something interesting.
|I didn’t do anything interesting.
|Did you do anything interesting?
|I know somebody in Brazil.
|I don’t know anybody in Brazil.
|Do you know anybody in Brazil?
|I met someone interesting last night.
|I didn’t meet anyone interesting last night.
|Did you meet anyone interesting last night?
|They went somewhere expensive on holiday.
|They didn’t go anywhere expensive on holiday.
|Did they go anywhere expensive on holiday?
Note that if you offer something to somebody we usually use some:
Would you like some food?
Do you want something to drink?
Also if we ask somebody to give us something we usually use some:
Could I have some water, please?
Can you lend me some money, please?
- English Grammar Exercises: The Beatles, With a little help from my friends