Different forms of have

Have is sometimes a main verb and sometimes an auxiliary verb. When have is a main verb, the auxiliary verb is not have (unless we are using the present perfect) so we have to use a different auxiliary verb. Look at these sentences: Have as main verb Action verb Positive Negative Question I have a shower every day I don’t […]

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The Future – Differences between going to, present continuous and will

Basically we use to be going to when we intend to do something, we are probably going to do it but we have not confirmed it 100%. I‘m going to watch the match tonight. I‘m going to meet my friends tomorrow. I‘m going to eat pizza tonight. If I now call the pizzeria to book a table for two for 8 o’clock this evening […]

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Language to use when giving and receiving

Giving When we give something to somebody we can use one of the following expressions: Here you are. There you are. Here’s your drink. There’s your change. Receiving When we take something off somebody we can use one of the following expressions: Thank you. Thanks very much (indeed). Cheers. (Informal) Replying Not everybody responds when you thank them, but it […]

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Giving advice

When someone has a problem, we can give them advice in the following ways: “I have a headache.” You should take some medicine. Subject should base form You should study more. You shouldn’t smoke so much. You ought to take some medicine. Subject ought to base form You ought to do more exercise. You oughtn’t to think so negatively. Why don’t you take some medicine? […]

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The Future Perfect Simple

To understand the future perfect simple just think about the present perfect simple: I‘ve been to Spain. I was born in 1970 and at some point since my birth and now I went to Spain. It doesn’t matter when. The future perfect has a similar idea but refers to some point in the future. The keyword is “by“. By 2015 I will have learnt to speak Japanese. […]

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The Future Perfect Continuous

To understand the future perfect continuous we need to think about the present perfect continuous. I have been playing the guitar for 3 years. I started playing the guitar 3 years ago and I’m still playing the guitar. We use the future perfect continuous when we want to talk about something which will continue until a certain point in the future. As with the future […]

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The Future Continuous

We use the present continuous to talk about an exact moment in the present, that is now (I am writing); we use the past continuous to talk about an exact moment in the past (I was sleeping at 6 o’clock this morning), we use the future continuous to talk about an exact moment in the future. I will be having dinner at 7 o’clock this evening. The […]

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Expressing opinion

You can introduce your opinion or show that you agree or disagree wth someone by starting your sentence with one of the following expressions: Introducing opinion (Personally), I think (that) In my opinion… In my view… I’d say (that)… If you ask me… I believe (that)… I’m sure (that)… I reckon (that)… To my mind… I feel (that)… As far […]

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