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English Grammar Reference: Questions without auxiliary verbs

Look at these two questions:

Question word

Auxiliary

Subject

Verb

 

Who

do

you

love?

 

Question word

verb

object

 

Who

loves

you?

 

The first question is a normal question and uses the form which we almost always use for a question:

question word + auxiliary + subject + verb

In the second question, the question word is the subject. When the question word is the subject there is no auxiliary verb and the verb agrees with the subject.

Other examples:

Question word

verb

object

 

Who

wrote

Romeo and Juliet?

 

Who

won

the 2006 World Cup?

 

Which player

fouled

Ronaldo?

 

What

happened?

 

 

 

See also:

English Grammar Exercises: The Beatles, With a little help from my friends