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English Grammar Reference: The Present Continuous

We use the present continuous when we say what is happening now.
I am reading now.
She is drinking tea at the moment.

Subject

to be

-ing form of verb

I

am

having

lunch.

He

is

talking

to me.

They

are

sleeping

to me.

If the verb finishes with -e and the letter before the -e is a consonant, we take off the -e and then add -ing.

We are coming home.
She's driving.
He's shaving.

If the letter before the -e is a vowel, we add-ing as normal.

They are freeing the prisoners now.

Remember when we make a question with the verb to be we invert the subject and the verb to be:

She is sleeping. (affirmation)
Is she sleeping? (question)

It's the same when we add a question word:

Why is she sleeping?
What are you doing?
What are they cooking?

 

See also:

English Exercises: Present Continuous