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English Grammar Reference:
Possessive Adjectives and Possessive Pronouns

Possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns are used to show who something belongs to.
We use a possessive adjective if there is a noun after it.

Possessive Adjectives

 

Possessive adjective

Noun

1st person singular
2nd person singular
3rd person sing. (m)
3rd person sing. (fem)
3rd person sing. (obj)
1st person plural
2nd person plural
3rd person plural

This is

my
your
his
her
its
our
your
their

book.

Examples

This land is your land, this land is my land (Woody Guthrie, This Land is Your Land).
I was rich as I could be in my coat of many colors (Dolly Parton, Coat of Many Colors)

Possessive Pronouns

If we don't use a noun after, we use a possessive pronoun.

Possessive pronoun

1st person singular
2nd person singular
3rd person sing. (m)
3rd person sing. (fem)
3rd person sing. (obj)
1st person plural
2nd person plural
3rd person plural

This book is

mine.
yours.
his.
hers.
its.
ours.
yours.
theirs.

Examples

"Whose book is this?" "It's mine."
That's not yours, it's hers.

If we say the name of the person which something belongs to, we can say it with or without a noun after the name:

Examples

It's John's.
It's John's car.