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English Grammar Reference: The First Conditional

We use the First Conditional to talk about something which will happen in the future if something else happens.

It is the Future Conditional.

If it's sunny tomorrow, I'll go to the beach.
If I sleep too long, I won't arrive on time.

Look at the construction:

If

subject

present simple

subject

will

base form of verb

If

I

study hard

I

will

pass the exam.
If
they
don't work harder
they
will
lose their jobs.
If
it
rains later
we
won't
go out.

Look at the question form:

Question word

Auxiliary

Subject

Verb

if + subject + present

What

will

you

say

if you see her tonight?

What kind of car

will

you

buy

if you pass your driving test?

Will

you

call me

if you go out tonight?

Related pages:

English Grammar Reference
Zero conditional, Second conditional, Third conditional, Mixed conditionals